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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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Not only are there missing links on the causality chai

 between long-term structural factors and actual economic performance, it is also unclear how long those factors would take to constrain GDP growth to a part

cular level. In fact, 20 years ago, the same long-term factors were used to warn of a possible fall in Chinese GDP growth.

Because of the complexity of China’s growth trajectory, many economists seem to base their assessments of potenti

al on performance. After every drop in China’s GDP growth since the second quarter of 2012-when growth fell be

low 8 percent-economists have emerged to declare that performance was in line with potential.

Difficult to determine potential growth rate

To be sure, there are various estimates of China’s potential growth rate, ranging from 5 perc

ent to 8 percent. But it is difficult to determine which is reliable. For one thing, there is reason to believe that

most estimates fail to discount cyclical factors adequately when calculating the long-term trend.

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The 20-year-old said she first learned about the history

The volunteer team-led by Wu Liangliang, a security guard who has gained online fame for his fluent self-taught En

glish-has also been part of the site’s efforts to provide a more personal management style, in addition to the city go

vernment’s introduction of various measures, including a mobile app, to help tourists.

Larry Goodrich, from Seattle, who has been traveling with his wife

in the Yangtze River Delta for three weeks, lauded the volunteers’ contributions.

Having worked in the computer industry since “the era of brick-si

zed cellphones”, the 65-year-old said that while technology has provided unimaginable con

venience, traveling is about being a part of the destination and interacting with local residents.

“The human connection is always better,” said Goodrich.

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when the country is set to reach a mature stage in

 its urbanization process. Lastly, it plans to have development of urban and rural areas fully integrated by the middle of the century.

Under the plan, China will relax restrictions on new migrants to urban areas, excluding some mega cities.

hen Liuqin, founder and director-general of Beijing-based Qin Dian Think Tank, said the stimulus policy d

emonstrates the government’s commitment to pursue a balanced and integrated development of rural and urban areas.

“The integration of rural and urban areas is not meant to eliminate differences between them, but r

ather to optimize allocation of resources and boost common development,” Chen added. “We sho

uld abandon the fixed mindset and consider both rural and urban areas as a unified ecosystem.”

According to Chen, with the high-quality development strategy and more integration, there is huge market potential in many cities.

Specifically, the government will increase spending on rural infrastructure, including roads, ferries and public tran

sport. And it will encourage public-private partnerships in rural infrastructure such as water supply, waste

management and sewage treatment, farmers markets, power supply, telecommunications and logistics.

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Embrace exhibition through greener lifestyle at the

The Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition opened just two days before the May holiday, giving

the public a close-up view of state-of-the-art gardens created by horticulturists from around the world.

China hosted a similar exhibition in Kunming, Yunnan province, in 1

999. In the two decades since, the social and economic situations in China have unde

rgone tremendous changes. A growing awareness of environmental protection is one of them.

Two decades ago, the Chinese people embraced the Kunming horticu

ltural show as a novelty and curiosity because the countr

y at that time did not have many opportunities to host large international gatherings.

Economic development at the time was the top priority of the country,

which explains why the news media were so interested in reporting that 15 billion yu

an ($2.23 billion) in economic and trade deals were inked during the exhibition.

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Using a variety of advanced technologies-augmente

 reality, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and human-computer interaction-scenes are create

d based on ancient Chinese classics, such as the Classic of Mountains and Seas, in which mythical an

imals appear in forests, lightning flashes, thunder rumbles, wind blows and rain pours.

Visitors can experience primeval nature in a part of the exhibition developed by the Beijing World Horticultural Expo Co

ordination Bureau and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Automation.

In addition, visitors can experience what it’s like to ride in an autonomous vehicle. Three driv

erless vehicles developed by Baidu-two with eight seats and one with four seats-offer rides in the park.

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The glazed tiles on the top of the China Pavilion ar

 in fact a type of aluminum alloy that can be used to imitate the shape

of traditional Chinese architecture at a low cost. It is an example of how modern technology is app

lied at the exhibition,” Li Liang, a designer of the pavilion, was quoted by Beijing Daily as saying.

By installing rainwater collection devices on the roofs and tanks beneath the pavilio

n, a mini ecological circulation has been created by gathering rainwater to irrigate the terraced fields.

Shen Yanyan, who came with her family from Jiangxi province for a visit, said that

although she didn’t know much about design, she felt the building was “very cool”.

“We saw its shiny roof upon entry to the park and we were immediately attracted,” said the 33-year-old. “The Ch

ina Pavilion is not only beautiful outside, but also inside. My mother is very happy to see flowers from so many pro

vinces and regions of the country, and all are well-trimmed and placed in the pavilion’s exhibition halls.”

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delivers keynote speech at second B&R forum

President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the Second Belt

and Road Forum for International Cooperation in Beijing on Friday. Here are the highlights.

Belt and Road opens up new space for global economic growth

Joint building of the Belt and Road has opened up new space for the world’s economic grow

th. It also created a new platform to boost international trade and investment, expanded new practices to optim

ize the global economic governance, and made new contributions to improving people’s well-being of all countries.

High-quality development of Belt and Road stressed

The principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits should be uphel

d. The open, green and clean approaches should be adhered to. The goals of high-standard, livelihood-impro

ving and sustainable development should be achieved.High-quality, sustainable infrastructure under BRI highlighted

Infrastructure is the cornerstone of connectivity

and a bottleneck of development confronting many countries. Bui

lding infrastructure with such standards can help countries give full play to their advantages in resources and b

etter integrate into the global supply, industry and value chains for interconnected development.

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Sixteen experiment racks will be installed in the core

 module, and two lab capsules of the space station and an extravehicular experiment platform will be built. Each rack i

s regarded as a lab that can support various space experiments, and astronauts can upgrade and replace the facili

ties. In addition, a capsule holding a large optical telescope will fly in the same orbit as the station, according to a report by Xi

nhua News Agency, quoting the Technology and Engineering Center for Space Utilization of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on Wednesday.

Di Pippo said opening up the space station to the world, especially to developi

ng and emerging countries, is a good example of China’s will to enhance international cooperation in space missions.

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